According to the Climate Risk Index released earlier this week, the countries that are most vulnerable to climate changes are: Guatemala, Colombia, Honduras, Pakistan, Russia . You will notice that three out of the five are Latin American because: "
Group 77's main objective is to get the wealthier nations to renew their commitment to the Kyoto Protocol (expires in 2010) to reduce harmful emissions. In addition to this, they are seeking to enforce the Green Fund that was created in last year's conference in Cancun, to address the needs of those developing countries effected by climate change. "Those who got rich at the expense of sacrificing the global environment must now assume the responsibilities that fit," said Jose Arguello, Argentine negotiator of the G77.
One of the largest emitters of harmful gases of the Latin American nations is not surprisingly, Brazil, who is choosing to group itself with other more developed developing nations like China, India, and South Africa.
Another group outside of G77, consisting of other Latin American nations is Los ALBA. Los ALBA is a more ambitious group when it comes to propositions of climate change solutions, and is comprised of the following nations: Cuba,